The pacific garbage patch
The great pacific garbage patch which is also known as the pacific garbage vortex is a gyre of litter which is mostly plastic in the central north pacific ocean. It is two times the size of Texas and the garbage floats about 10 meters below the surface of water. The garbage patch has plastics like Bottle caps, toothbrushes, Styrofoam cups, detergent bottles, pieces of polystyrene packaging and plastic bags.
The plastic ends up in a vortex because of marine pollution by the oceans currents. Most of the plastic comes from the West coast of the North America to Japan. The patch is actually comprised of the Eastern Garbage Patch, located near Japan, and the Western Garbage Patch, located between the U.S. states of Hawaii and California. 80% of the garbage comes from landfills and 20 % comes from oil platforms and ships. The garbage patches consist of 80% plastic. The great pacific garbage patch is also predicted to double in size in the next ten years.
The pacfic garbage patch effects the lives of animals and marine birds. The plastic ends up in their stomach. The most common animals that get affected are sea turtles, fishes and birds. The animals die because they are not able to digest and breakdown the plastic and the animals are not able to tell the difference between plastic and their food. This can also affect humans because they eat the fish and the fish could have toxic chemicals from the plastic. The plastic affects about 267 different species.
A few ways that we could stop plastic pollution is to recycle and decrease the use of plastic and use biodegradable plastic. Another way is to raise awareness of plastic pollution.