SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
"People with high assurance in their capabilities approach difficult tasks as challenges to be mastered rather than as threats to be avoided."-Albert Bandura
Albert Bandura was born December 4, 1925 in Mundare, Alberta. He was the youngest of six children, and therefore received an education consisting of a small school with only two teachers and minimal resources. Nevertheless, according to Bandura “the students...[took] charge of their own education”. Bandura was remarkably successful and received a bachelor’s degree in Psychology from the University of British Columbia in 1949. After that, he went on to receive his PhD from the University of Iowa in 1952. While at the University of Iowa, Bandura met his wife, Virginia Varns, whom he later had two daughters with. In 1953, Bandura began his teaching at the Stanford University and has continued to work there to this day.
BRANCH OF PSYCHOLOGY _
“Most human behaviour is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others, one forms an idea of how new behaviours are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action.” Albert Bandura best represents the two paradigms: behaviourism and cognitivism. Behaviourism is a theory that says behaviours (feelings, actions, and thoughts) are acquired through the act of conditioning. “All this boils down to a theory of personality that says that one’s environment causes one’s behavior." Whereas, cognitivism looks at a person’s mental process involving past...