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7 May 2013 Intimacy in Young Adulthood & Divorce in Middle Adulthood Essay

  • Submitted by: JulieRose1
  • on April 1, 2014
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 609 words

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Below is an essay on "7 May 2013 Intimacy in Young Adulthood & Divorce in Middle Adulthood" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Apparently, “for better or worse” does not hold much value because 10% of thirty year olds and a whooping 40% of middle adults are divorced (Weinberger et al, 2008, p. 551). How can it be that nearly half of middle adults are failing at marriage? According to developmental psychologist Erik Erikson, all human beings endure a series of major crises that creates a psychological conflict that must be resolved in order to reach the next major crisis, otherwise maladaptive behaviors occur (Santrock, 2012, p. 16). Intimacy versus Isolation is the conflict that occurs in late adolescence and early adulthood. The developmental task of this stage is to establish healthy friendships and intimate ties of trust, commitment, and love (p. 16). Researchers from the Cornell and University of Massachusetts Amherst anxiously wanted to know why the United States has such high rates of separation, and based on Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory, they proposed that intimacy in young adulthood could predict divorce in midlife.
The researchers defined intimacy is an individual’s capacity and willingness to: make a commitment to another person, share at a deep personal level, and communicate their inner thoughts and feelings (Weinberger et al, 2008, p. 551-2). People able to engage in these behaviors have a relatively high level of intimacy, whereas people with an inability to commit, share meaningful feelings, and express themselves are considered isolated (p. 552). Researched suggested that those with a high level of intimacy have a greater chance of maintaining a stable and satisfying marriage through mid-life and those who are isolated are more likely to be divorced (p. 522).   To test this hypothesis, 167 college students were assessed through open-ended questionnaires in 1966, and 2000-2002 as part of the Rochester Adult Longitudinal Study.
The results found that overall low intimacy scores in college did not predict divorce (p. 555). This finding was not was expected, so to explain...

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